AP 2

Course Syllabus ...& more

(Spring pandemic version)

Instructor:

Mr. Tony Wayne

Phone:

975-9300 extension 60265

Web Site:

http://www.mrwaynesclass.com

Blog www.mrwaynesclass.com/blog
Remind www.mrwaynesclass.com/remind

 

TEXTBOOK

College Physics by Knight, jones, and Field, 2011, 2nd Edition. Published by Pearson. Students must return the book(s) they have been issued at the end of the year. However, I do not use hte textbook. Instead instruction will come from my website www.mrwaynesclass.com/ap2

 
DESCRIPTION
Physics seeks to describe and predict natural events by seeking the relationships between motion, force, energy and time. Physics is at the root of all types of engineering; mechanical, electrical, nuclear, chemical, etcetera. This course will discuss the basics in fields of physics such as kinematics, dynamics, electricity, optics, nuclear, and etcetera. The curriculum will be that of the national AP Physics 2 guide. Topics will be covered on a college physics introductory level. The pace will be very fast.
 

TOPICS COVERED:

below is a list of the topics we will cover and an optimistic view of when they will all be covered. Unfortunately these target dates do not include SAT days, snow days, my sick days, or interruptions on the, "Valentine's Day Thang." (Yes, that says, "Thang.") It is taught at very fast pace. Doing the homework and being in class is imperative.

 

A detailed list of objectives can be found here in my Physics Resource Book on Pages 7 -22 (Opens in a new window.) These objectives form the test questions. If you are wondering what to study, read the section of this document pertaining to the unit. Remember: Don't study until you get it right, study until you can't get it wrong.

 

These dates are target dates. The last date is the target test date.

Developing this time table is about the hardest thing have every done. 45 mimues classes that meet everyday 4 times a week during the pandemic.

I  Introduction and Review
   (2/1 - 2/8) 7 days
A. Simple conversions
B. Significant figures
C. Linearization of data
II. Fluid Mechanics
    (2/9 - 2/23) 9 days
    Big Ideas: 1, 3, and 5 [CR2b]
    *1.E, 3.C, 5.B, and 5.F
A. Density and Pressure

1. Density and specific gravity
2. Pressure as a function of depth
3. Pascal's principle

B. Buoyancy

1. Buoyant force
2. Archimedes' principle

C. Fluid flow continuity
D. Bernoulli's Equation
III. Thermal Physics
     (2/24 - 3/11) 10 days
     Big Ideas: 1, 4, 5, and 7 [CR2a]
     *1.E, 4.D, 4.E, 5.B, 7.A, and 7.B
A. Temperature and Heat

1. Mechanical equivalent of heat
2. Heat transfer and thermal expansion

B. Kinetic Theory

1. Ideal gases
2. Gas laws

C. Thermodynamics

1. Thermodynamic processes

a. Adiabatic
b. Isothermal
c. Isobaric
d. Isochoric
e. Cyclic

2. PV diagrams

a. Determining work done
b. Interpreting graphs

3. First Law of Thermodynamics

a. Internal energy
b. Energy conservation

4. Second Law of Thermodynamics

a. Entropy
b. Heat engines
c. Carnot cycle

IV. Electrostatics -
    (3/15 - 4/12 ) 13 days
    Big Ideas: 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 [CR2c] [CR2d]
    *1.E, 2.A, 2.C, 2.D, 2.E, 3.A, 3.C, 3.G, 4.E, 5.B, and 5.C
A. Electrostatics

1. Coulomb's Law
2. Electric Field

a. Force on a test charge
b. Field diagrams
c. Motion of particle in an E field

3. Electric Potential

a. Due to a group of charges
b. Potential difference
c. Work on a charge
d. Between parallel plates

4. Electrostatics with Conductors

a. Absence of E field in conductor
b. Equipotential
c. Charging by induction

 
V. Current Electricity -
    (4/13 - 4/22 ) 7 days
    Big Ideas: 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 [CR2c] [CR2d]
    *1.E, 2.A, 2.C, 2.D, 2.E, 3.A, 3.C, 3.G, 4.E, 5.B, and 5.C
B. Capacitors

1. Capacitance
2. Energy and charge stored
3. Parallel plates

C. Electric Current

1. Definition of direction of current
2. Ohm's Law
3. Resistance and Resistivity
4. Power

D. DC Circuits

1. Schematic diagrams/Kirchhoff's Laws
2. Resistors

a. In series
b. In parallel

4. Terminal voltage and internal resistance
5. Steady-state RC circuits

V. Magnetism
    (4/26 - 5/3 ) 6 days
    Big Ideas: 2, 3, and 4 [CR2e]
    *1.E, 2.A, 2.B, 2.E, 3.G, 4.E, and 5.B
A. Magnetostatics

1. Magnetic field
2. Forces on moving charges
3. Forces on a current-carrying wire
4. Magnetic field of current-carrying wires

B. Electromagnetism

1. Magnetic flux
2. Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law
3. Induced emf and induced current

VI. Optics
     (5/4 - 5/26 (14 days)
     Big Idea 6 [CR2f]
     *1.D, 5.D, 6.A, 6.B, 6.C, 6.D, 6.E, 6.F, and 6.G

 

AP Exam is May 7, 2021

 

A. Physical Optics

1. The electromagnetic spectrum
2. Interference

a. Two-source interference

3. Diffraction

a. Diffraction grating

4. Thin films

B. Geometric Optics

1. Reflection and refraction

a. Snell's Law
b. Total internal reflection

2. Images formed by mirrors

a. Ray diagrams
b. Thin lens/mirror equation

3. Images formed by lenses

a. Ray diagrams
b. Thin lens/mirror equation

VII. Atomic and Nuclear Physics
     (5/27 - 6/8) 7 days
     Big Ideas: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 [CR2g]
     * 1.A, 1.B, 1.C, 1.D, 3.G, 4.C, 5.B, 5.D, 5.G, and 7.C

A. Atomic Physics and Quantum Effects

1. Discovery of the Electron and Atomic Nucleus

a. Cathode ray tube
b. Millikin's Oil Drop Experiment
c. Rutherford scattering

2. Photons and the Photoelectric Effect

a. Energy of a photon
b. Intensity and number of photons
c. Stopping potential

3. Bohr Model

a. Energy levels
b. Emission and absorption spectra
c. Transition between energy levels

4. DeBroglie Wavelength

a. Wavelength of Particles

5. Production of X-rays
6. Compton Scattering

B. Nuclear Physics

1. Atomic number, mass number, and atomic mass
2. Nuclear processes

a. Radioactive decay (alpha, beta, and gamma)
b. Fusion
c. Fission

3. Mass-Energy equivalence

VIII. Modern Physics and Review for AP Exams
      ( 6/8 - End of school year)
 
Exam review from 4/4 until the AP Exam in early May.

 

 

 
SUPPLIES

Students are expected to have a calculator with trigonometric functions. A graphing calculator is preferred but NOT REQUIRED.  If a student is thinking about buying a graphing calculator, buy a TI-83, TI-83 plus, TI-84 plus or TI-84 Plus silver edition. A graphing calculator will be used in lab for data collection and analysis. If a student does not have a graphing calculator, then they may borrow one to be used during class time, as they are made available. It is suggested that students also purchase a "drafting" eraser like the "Hi-Polymer" by Pentel. The white rectangular shape makes this type of eraser easy to recognize. Drafting erasers work by lifting the graphite off the page and resist smudging the work while common, red, rubber erasers work by sanding down the paper.

 

COMMUNICATION:

You can expect to hear from me with the first 3 weeks of school via email. If you have a question of comment please email or call me at school. I check my phone messages every business day. You can expect a return call during the next business day -if I'm not absent the day your message is left.) I will respond to your email within 2 business days of receiving it. Even if I can't expound in my response, I will acknowledge your email. If you do not receive a response email, call me. No response usually means that your message has been quarantined by the county's spam filter. (It is very aggressive.) If your student has a question about an assignment or grade, please encourage him or her to talk with me. I'll listen.

 
SUPPLIES FOR AP PHYSICS:
Plastic Eraser
It is suggested that students also purchase a "drafting" eraser like the "Hi-Polymer" by Pentel, or the Mars, plastic by Staedtler. The white rectangular shape makes this type of eraser easy to recognize. Drafting erasers work by lifting the graphite off the page and resist smudging the work. Rubber erasers work by sanding off the pencil marks and the paper under them. Now, many pencils come with this type of eraser on the end. It is usually white or some fluorescent color. ($1.25)
TI 84+ Calculator
Students are expected to have a calculator with trigonometric functions. It does not have to be a graphing calculator. Not graphing calculators range from $10 - $20. But if a student is thinking about buying a graphing calculator, buy a TI-84 or TI-84 plus. ($125) This calculator will be used in lab for data collection and analysis. Classroom graphing and scientific calculators can be used by the student when they are available. Most of the classroom discussions involving calculators will use the TI-83 and TI-84. (I have an electric engraver that you can use to etch your name in the back of your calculator. Ask to use it before or after class.)
8.5" x 11" spiral notebook

Spiral bound 8.5" x 11" notebook. Choose lined or, (my favorite,) graph paper. This will be used to write all homework and class work problems. It must be spiral notebook. This is used as an organizational tool. It will also make studying for the semester exam easier. I would recommend 150 pages worth of notebook(s).

Not all graph paper notebooks are the same. Some graph paper notebooks have lines that are too dark to be used with a pencil. Look for a graph paper notebook with lighter lines.

Every student will receive a laptop running Windows. One thing I noticed when using these laptops was that the mouse pad was "touchy" for me, (I'm a mac user.) I purchased a small wireless mouse to be used with laptop. It has significantly reduced my frustrations. Many mice are one sale in August and September for about $10-20. Logictech makes an inexpensive($20/$30) mouse with a battery that lasts about 12 months. This is purely optional. It is a matter of taste.
  Students will not be allowed to take notes on the laptops. They are to be written by hand. So students may need a 3 ring notebook or folder to contain any notes and some handouts. (Most handouts will be viewed on the computer but technology can't do everything better than pencil and paper.)
 
COMMUNICATION

If you have a question of comment please email or call me at school. I check my phone messages every business day. You can expect a return call during the next business day -if I'm not absent the day your message is left.) I will respond to your email within 2 business days of receiving it. Even if I can't expound in my response, I will acknowledge your email. If you do not receive a response email, call me. No response usually means that your message has been quarantined by the county's spam filter. (It is very aggressive.) If your student has a question about an assignment or grade, please encourage him or her to talk with me. I'll listen.

 
I'm excited to try this...

I'm going to use “Remind.com” to send SMS text messages to cellphones and/or short e-mails. As a follower you can choose which you want to receive. Longer messages will still occur through email. Remind is like Twitter except you cannot reply to any messages I send. It is built for educators to facilitate short bursts of communication. I plan on using it to remind anyone that follows me about upcoming projects or tests and any changes to an assignment that can't wait until class. I expect to send out about 30 to 40 messages for the entire year. Instructions on how to sign up to follow me are on the last page of this document.

Click here to sign up to receive my messages.

 

TECHNOLOGY:

Each student will be loaned a laptop. Each student will also be given accounts on Google Apps for Education and a school e-mail account. These tools will be combined in various ways to create a collaboration environment on certain assignments.

 

SCIENCE FAIR & VJAS (Optional):

Participation is encouraged and remains a voluntary option for all students.  All students are encouraged to develop a project and enter the Regional Science Fair, or participate in the Virginia Junior Academy of Science Competition.  Several of the faculty members will be coordinating projects and can help find mentors who are working in the areas of student interest.  ALL students wishing to complete an independent research project, (Science Fair or VJAS,) need to complete the initial forms by NOVEMBER 3, 2008. Students wishing to participate should tell his or her teacher AND contact Mr. Curry, in room 255. The new forms and information should be available in October.  Any student wishing to begin before then can use last year's forms.  Under no circumstances should a student begin research without a research plan approved by an AHS science faculty member. Science fair research forms involving living creatures, animal or human tissue, blood, DNA, human subjects including surveys, or controlled and/or hazardous substances are due in November. Other forms are due in February. The VJAS paper will count as a 100 point assignment and the science fair will count as a 200 point assignment.)

 

OTHER SCIENCE OPPORTUNITIES (Optional):

The Chemistry Olympiad is a national competition based on chemistry knowledge and skills.  [Interested students should see Mr. Curry in 255.]  AHS has an Envirothon Team, which competes against other schools' teams in field exercises designed to test environmental knowledge and skills. [Interested students should see Mr. Chaney in 267.]  AHS students have been very successful in both of these competitions.

 

EVALUATION:

Grades will be based on performance on tests, quizzes, activities and labs. Each assessment will be worth a certain amount of points. Typically:

  • Tests are worth 100 to 150 points
  • Quizzes are worth 20 to 50 points
  • Activities/Lab are worth 10 to 80 points
  • Daily Quizzes (QOD) are worth 3 to 15 points
  • Homework Assignments are worth 1 pt per problem 8 point maximum

Nine weeks' scores will be based on the percentage of possible points earned. Homework will be checked for a completeness grade. It will not be worth more than 15% of the final nine weeks grade. Extra credit opportunities may be offered during a grading period.

 

CLASS PREPARATION GRADES

Homework grades are gone. They have been replaced with class preparation grades. A class preparation grade indicates a student's readiness to learn. This is demonstrated by having the homework or any other out-of-class assignments completed upon entering the classroom. Homework credit is given for attempting the assignment. What and “attempt” looks like is described to the students in every unit. Out-of-class assignments are assigned as a way of reviewing the day's concepts or skills while getting mentally ready for the days class. The preparation grades cannot be turned in late or “made up.” This is because we go over the assignments in class and post answers on line to most problems. If it was turned in late then that would show that student was not prepared for class. If a student missed a class due to illness, doctor's appointment or family business, then he or she is not responsible for the grade or the homework assigned when he or she was absent. But if he or she returns with the completed homework that was assigned in his or her absence, then I will give them credit if they take the initiative to show it to me at the beginning of class.

 

GRADES:

The class will follow the school's grading scale. All nine weeks' grades reported on the report card will be rounded to the nearest one's place; e.g. 89.532 becomes a 90 on the report card. However, the raw score will be used for semester averages. Semester averages will be rounded to the nearest one's place -like the nine weeks grades.

 

PRE-TEST GRADES:

Before each test, students are turn in a chapter in his or her 3"x5" notebooks. This summary notebook is a separate 5-point grade. Students who do not have the sheet ready before the test cannot turn it in late. He or she will receive a zero for the summary. The purpose of the summary sheet to act as a review BEFORE taking the test.

 

GRADE PROGRESS:

I will contact the parents or guardians via email or phone if a student receives a failing grade on a test or major lab.

 

EXAM EXEMPTIONS:

Exemptions are only for the final exam during the second semester. Exemption is determined by school policy in the student handbook. Since, there is not an SOL test at the end of the course, there are no additional SOL score requirements to affect exemption.

 

HOMEWORK:

The homework load will vary. Expect to spend an average of 45 minutes doing homework after each class. When appropriate, homework assignments consist of fewer quality problems rather than a large quantity of all possible problems. Everyday there will be a class preparation grade. This preparation grade comes doing homework. It is not a big grade. Missing one or two smaller assignments will not dramatically affect a students grade. Missing many will add up.

Homework will be listed in "BlackBoard" at learn.k12albemarle.org. It is kept in an electronic calendar.

 

MAKE UP  & MISSED WORK:

When a test has been missed, arrangements must be made within 2 days of returning to school to make up the missed work. The missed assignment must be made up within 2 weeks of returning to school. Failure to make up work will result in a zero for the assignment. An "incomplete" letter grade will be given for the 9 weeks to any student with an assignment not turned in by the end of a grading period. The student then has 2 weeks from the end of the grading period to turn in the assignment.
If a student misses an assignment due to an illness, then he or she will not be penalized if they return without completion of the assignment. The assignment will still need to be made up according to school policy. Missed homework assignments due to absences may be turned in one class after returning for credit. But students are not held responsible for homework assigned while absent due to illness.

 

HONOR CODE:

Students are to work independently, without any outside aide, on tests, quizzes, the research component of the project and "questions of the day." Student may work with others on homework, in class assignments, labs and activities.

 

ATTENDANCE:

The class will follow the school's attendance policy with one exception. According to school policy, students will be assigned lunch detention on his or her second tardy.

 

WEB SITE:

This class will have a web site, http://www.mrwaynesclass.com. Working on the web is OPTIONAL. The web site will be a constant work in progress. The web site will contain:

  • Documents distributed in class in either web form or as a PDF document.
  • Interactive, on-line, pretests developed by the teacher.
  • Related topic links.
  • Animations and some lecture notes from class.
  • Tutorial links to other sites. (This web site will only contain links to legitimate, safe web sites. Once a student leaves the www.mrwaynesclass.com server, I cannot be responsible for the paths they "surf" beyond the initial link.)
  • Some video tutorials on how to do more difficult problem types.
 

WIRELESS DEVICE POLICY:

  • A ”wireless device” is anything that is capable of accessing the Internet. Such as, but not limited to, a netbook, laptop, iPad, iPod, iTouch, etcetera.
  • Only use wireless devices in class with the teacher's specific permission.
  • When asked to close your netbooks/laptops, close them and put other wireless devices away. You do not need to shut them down -only put them to sleep.
  • When allowed, wireless devices may only be used for work directly related to this class.
  • Wireless devices are to remain closed or put away during all tests and quizzes unless otherwise permitted by the teacher.
  • If the teacher walks around and you close your netbook or laptop when he/she walks by, it will be considered a sign that you are not using it for allowed purposes.

Anyone not agreeing to follow this policy must either not use a wireless device in class or accept that the wireless device will be recognized as a distraction and dealt with according to school policy.  This may include being prohibited from using device in the classroom for the rest of the semester or year.

 

EVALUATION AND GRADING SCALE:

Grades will be based on your performance on tests, labs, activities and other assessments. Each type of assessment will be worth a certain amount of points. Typically:

  • Tests are worth 100 to 140 points
  • Quizzes are worth 2 to 50 points
  • Activities/Lab are worth 10 to 80 points
  • Homework Assignments are worth 1 pt per problem 8 point maximum

Nine weeks' scores will be based on the percentage of possible points earned. Homework will be checked for a completeness grade. It will not be worth more than 15% of the final nine weeks grade. Extra credit opportunities may be offered during a grading period. All term grades are reported to 1 decimal place in the parent portal.

 

GRADES:

The class will follow the school's grading scale. All nine weeks' grades reported on the report card will be rounded to the nearest one's place; e.g. 89.532 becomes a 90 on the report card. However, the raw score will be used for semester averages. Semester averages will be rounded to the nearest one's place -like the nine weeks grades.

 

PRE-TEST GRADES:

Before each test, students are turn in a chapter summary sheet. This summary sheet is a separate 10-point grade. Students who do not have the sheet ready before the test cannot turn it in late. He or she will receive a zero for the summary. The purpose of the summary sheet to act as a review BEFORE taking the test.

 

GRADE PROGRESS:

I will contact the parents or guardians via email or phone if a student receives a failing grade on a test or major lab. Many of our tests are take home. Every take test comes with a separate 5-point quiz grade for turning it on time. Tests and labs not turned in one time will receive a zero on this five-point grade.

 

ATTENDANCE:

The class will follow the school's attendance policy with one exception. Students who are tardy without an appropriate note will stay in class at least two minutes past the bell.

 

HOMEWORK:

The homework load will vary. Expect to spend about 1 hour doing homework after each class. Assignments and a daily class log are posted on the class's web site, http://www.mrwaynesclass.com. When appropriate, homework assignments consist of fewer quality problems rather than a large quantity of all possible problems.

 

MAKE UP WORK:

When a test has been missed, arrangements must be made within 2 days of returning to school to make up the missed work. The missed assignment must be made up within 2 weeks of returning to school. Failure to make up work will result in a zero for the assignment. An "incomplete" letter grade will be given for the 9 weeks to any student with an assignment not turned in by the end of a grading period. (Some flexibility will be afforded in certain extreme/unusual cases.)

 

EXAM EXEMPTIONS:

There are no exam exemptions.

 
2nd SEMESTER EXAM - There isn't one.
The second semester exam is replaced with a culminating programming project. Students will complete v-Python programming tutorials and create a physics project that uses v-Python. Students will have the time between the AP physics 2 exam and the end of school or graduation. More details will be given out in mid-April.
 

MAKE UP  & MISSED WORK:

When a test has been missed, arrangements must be made within 2 days of returning to school to make up the missed work. The missed assignment must be made up within 2 weeks of returning to school. Failure to make up work will result in a zero for the assignment. An "incomplete" letter grade will be given for the 9 weeks to any student with an assignment not turned in by the end of a grading period. The student then has 2 weeks from the end of the grading period to turn in the assignment.
If a student misses an assignment due to an illness, then he or she will not be penalized if they return without completion of the assignment. The assignment will still need to be made up according to school policy. Missed homework assignments due to absences may be turned in one class after returning for credit. But students are not held responsible for homework assigned while absent due to illness.

 

HONOR CODE:

Students are to work independently, without any outside aide, on tests, take-home tests, quizzes, the research component of the project and "questions of the day." Student may work with others on homework, in class assignments, labs and activities.

 

ATTENDANCE:

The class will follow the school's attendance policy with one exception. According to school policy, students will be assigned lunch detention on his or her second tardy.

 

WEB SITE: [ You are on right now :-) ]

This class will have a web site, http://www.mrwaynesclass.com/AP. Working on the web is OPTIONAL. The web site will be a constant work in progress. The web site will contain:

  • Daily assignment blog
  • Documents distributed in class in either web form or as a PDF document.
  • Related topic links.
  • Animations and some lecture notes from class.
  • Tutorial links to other sites. (This web site will only contain links to legitimate, safe web sites. Once a student leaves the Albemarle County Schools server, we cannot be responsible for the paths they "surf" beyond the initial link.)
  • Some video tutorials on how to do more difficult problem types.
 

 

 


by Tony Wayne ...(If you are a teacher, please feel free to use these resources in your teaching.)

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